Moneta, Ernesto Teodoro

(1833–1918)
   Moneta, a Milanese, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1907, the only Italian to have done so. He was an ardent nationalist who fought with Giuseppe Garibaldi during the wars of liberation 1859–1860 and in the war against Austria in 1866. He became a journalist and as editor of one of Italy’s most important daily newspapers, Il Secolo, between 1867 and 1895, was a powerful influence on public opinion. He was strongly anticlerical (though a religious believer) and sought to mitigate the anti-Austrian and anti-French fervor of the Italian masses. Moneta published a four-volume work entitled Le guerre,le insurrezioni e la pace nel secolo XIX(Wars,Insurrections and Peace in the Nineteenth Century) between 1903 and 1910. He also edited a prestigious fortnightly journal called La Vita Internazionale, which attracted contributions from the leading radical and socialist intellectuals of the day. The theme of his later work was the futility of war: its inevitable failure to provide worthwhile solutions for human problems. Moneta served as Italy’s representative on the International Peace Bureau from 1895 onward and founded the Societa per la pace e la giustizia internazionale (Society for International Peace and Justice) in 1887. The society’s objectives were to educate popular sentiment in favor of ending war; favor the brotherhood of all peoples; propose arbitration as a solution for human conflicts; and abolish standing armies and replace them with “armed nations.” Moneta strongly opposed Italy’s colonial adventurism in Libyabut supported Italy’s entrance into World War I. His pacifism remained conjugated with patriotism: He insisted that world peace did not mean the dissolution of nations in a cosmopolitan melting pot, but rather the integration of nations into a just international order. Moneta died of pneumonia in Milan in 1918.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Moneta, Ernesto Teodoro — ▪ Italian journalist born Sept. 20, 1833, Milan, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died Feb. 10, 1918, Milan, Italy       Italian journalist and international activist on behalf of peace (except where Italian interests required war). He won (with… …   Universalium

  • Moneta, Ernesto Teodoro — ► (1833 1918) Periodista italiano. Fue editor de Il Secolo y defensor de la no violencia. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1907, compartido con L. Renault …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernesto Teodoro Moneta — (né le 20 septembre 1833 à Milan et mort le 10 février 1918 dans la même ville) était un journaliste et un patriote italien, qui fut le seul Italien, à ce jour, à avoir été en 1907 lauréat du Prix Nobel de la paix …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernesto Teodoro Moneta — (1907) Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (* 20. September 1833 in Mailand; † 10. Februar 1918 ebenda) war ein italienischer Publizist und Politiker. Für sein Engagement in der Lombardischen Friedensliga „Unione Lombarda per la Pace e l Arbitrariato“, deren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernesto Teodoro Moneta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (n. en Milán, Italia, 20 de septiembre de 1833 m. 10 de febrero de 1918); militante pacifista italiano, distinguido con el premio Nobel de la Paz en 1907. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ernesto Teodoro Moneta — (Milan September 20, 1833 ndash; February 10, 1918) was an Italian journalist who fought in the Expedition of the Thousand and subsequently became an international peace activist, despite his strong Italian nationalism. He won (with Louis… …   Wikipedia

  • Ernesto Teodoro Moneta — (Milán, Italia, 20 de septiembre de 1833 10 de febrero de 1918). militante pacifista italiano, distinguido con el premio Nobel de la Paz en 1907. Quizás no está lejos el día en el que todos los pueblos, olvidando los antiguos odios, se reunan… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Friedensnobelpreis 1907: Ernesto Teodoro Moneta — Louis Renault —   Ernesto Moneta wurde für die Gründung der italienischen Friedensgesellschaft geehrt, Louis Renault für seine Verdienste um die Haager Friedenskonferenzen.    Biografien   Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, * Mailand 20. 9. 1833, ✝ Mailand 10. 2. 1918;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Moneta — Moneta, Ernesto Teodoro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernesto Moneta — Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (né le 20 septembre 1833 à Milan et mort le 10 février 1918 dans la même ville) était un journaliste et un patriote italien, qui fut le seul Italien, à ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

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